If you are new to the topic of CBD, here are 15 common terms, a glossary of God’s greenery, to help you as you investigate whether CBD products can aid you on your health journey:
- 2018 Farm Bill: The 2018 Farm Bill was passed by Congress and signed by President Trump in December 2018. It contains new provisions making the growth and interstate commerce of hemp and hemp-based products legal, as long as growers abide by their state licensing and regulations.
- Agricultural Hemp: Agricultural hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, the psychoactive component in marijuana that gets users high. It is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant that is harvested for industrial purposes.
- Cannabinoids: Cannabinoids are a wide variety of chemicals that occur naturally in the body and in some plants such as cannabis. Different cannabinoids have different effects on humans and animals. Some plant-based cannabinoids interact with the body’s natural endocannabinoid system and are associated with reducing inflammation and other health benefits.
- Cannabis Sativa: Cannabis sativa refers to hemp and marijuana. They can be thought of as “cousin” plants. Cannabis sativa is the scientific name for this species of plant in the Cannabis genus.
- CB1: CB1 is a receptor in the central nervous system (nerves within the brain and spinal cord) that cannabinoids activate.
- CB2: CB2 is a receptor found mostly in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, especially linked to the immune system) that cannabinoids activate.
- CBD: CBD is the commonly used nickname for cannabidiol, a phytocannabinoid (or plant cannabinoid) found in cannabis. It is not psychoactive and does not produce a “high” in users. It is reported to have health benefits for humans and animals.
- Endocannabinoid: Endocannabinoid refers to the cannabinoids that are naturally produced by humans and animals.
- Endocannabinoid System: The Endocannabinoid System refers to endocannabinoids, the enzymes that regulate their production and degradation, and their receptors.
- Endogenous: In biology, endogenous means something that an organism makes; something that originates from within an organism. Humans and animals have their own endogenous cannabinoids.
- Entourage Effect: Entourage effect is a term used to describe the way many compounds work better in combination than they do alone. When referring to cannabinoids, there are more than 100 different cannabinoids that have been identified in the cannabis plant. The entourage effect is thought to occur when many cannabinoids are administered together, giving users a multiplied effect over an isolated cannabinoid administered alone.
- Homeostasis: Homeostasis means a body’s process of maintaining balance within its systems, from oxygen levels to a constant temperature. Endocannabinoids play a large role in the body’s homeostasis. Phytocannabinoids also interact with the endocannabinoid system, helping it stabilize.
- Phytocannabinoid: Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in species of cannabis plants.
- Terpenes: Terpenes are the compounds in sticky plant oils or resins that produce their strong smells. These scents, in turn, are reported to have medicinal benefits. Limonene, for example, is the terpene in citrus rinds that has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Linalool is the terpene found in lavender and is purported to be soothing and relaxing. Naturally occurring terpenes found in cannabis and those added to CBD products are thought to enhance the entourage effect of health benefits.
- THC: THC is the nickname for tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid in marijuana that intoxicates users or gets them high.
If you are researching CBD oils and products, these 15 definitions can help you understand whether CBD may help you on your pathway to health. Please consult your healthcare professional about possible interactions or complications before using any new product.
Here at God's Greenery our goal is to provide our readers with all the trustworthy information they will need in order to take the next important step in their life journey.
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